ARQ Centre of Expertise Impact


Loss of loved ones or home due to a disaster : effects over time on distress in immigrant ethnic minorities

Exposure to mass trauma may bring about increased sensitivity to new or ongoing stressors. It is unclear whether sensitivity to stress associated with ethnic minority/immigrant status may be affected by severe exposure to mass trauma.

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A Paradox in Individual Versus National Mental Health Vulnerability : Are Higher Resource Levels Associated With Higher Disorder Prevalence?

An earlier study (Dückers, Alisic, & Brewin, 2016) found that countries with greater social and economic resources were characterized by a higher lifetime prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Here, we present a similar analysis of national population survey data to examine this vulnerability paradox in relation to other disorders. We predicted the lifetime prevalence of any mental health disorder (i.e., anxiety, mood, substance, and externalizing disorders) in 17 countries based on trauma exposure and country vulnerability data.

Resilience Monitor, Development of a measuring tool for psychosocial resilience

ObjectiveThe objective of the project Resilience Monitor is to develop a measuring tool, which can be repeatedly implemented to discover the degree to which Dutch people are able to overcome a disaster or a shocking experience. The measuring tool is administered individually.

Long term psychosocial consequences for disaster affected persons belonging to ethnic minorities

In deze dissertatie staan de psychosociale gevolgen voor getroffen etnische minderheden van de Vuurwerkramp te Enschede centraal. Er wordt gebruik gemaakt van drie methoden van onderzoek: een vergelijkend vragenlijstonderzoek, een kwalitatief onderzoek en een huisartsenmonitor. De gepresenteerde studies in deze dissertatie beschrijven of er inderdaad verschillen zijn in posttraumatische problemen tussen etnische groepen.

Coping During Public Service Delivery: A Conceptualization and Systematic Review of the Literature

Frontline workers, such as teachers and social workers, often experience stress when delivering public services to clients, for instance because of high workloads. They adapt by coping, using such practices as breaking or bending rules for clients, or rationing services. Although coping is recognized as an important response to the problems of frontline work, the public administration field lacks a comprehensive view of coping.

Competitive or multidirectional memory? The interaction between postwar and postcolonial memory in the Netherlands

This article explores the relationship between two cultural memories in the postcolonial Netherlands: of World War II and of the DutchGÇôIndonesian war of decolonization. Through two case studies we analyse what happens when both memories encounter each other in public space. The first case concentrates on the early postwar commemoration practices centred on 4 May, the Dutch Remembrance Day of World War II. We show that the focus on heroes and national unity in the cultural memory of World War II enabled Indies veterans to articulate their own interests.

Acculturation and post-disaster mental health problems among affected and non-affected immigrants: A comparative study

BackgroundIt is unknown to what extent acculturation among disaster-affected immigrants is associated with mental health problems (MHP) compared to non-affected immigrants.MethodsWe examined the associations between acculturation and post-disaster MHP among affected and non-affected immigrants in The Netherlands.ResultsAmong the affected group, keeping norms and values of original culture and limited skills to cope with the demands of the new society were independently associated with PTSD-symptomatology, anxiety, depression, hostility, and somatic problems at 18 months post-event.

Culture sensitive aspects of psychosocial postdisaster care in the Netherlands after the Bijlmermeer airplane crash and the Enschede fireworkdisaster.

When a disaster strikes, a large group of people may be affected either mentally or physically. This group, although united by their communual ordeal, may consist of people of differnt ethnic or cultural origin.

Handbook : Voices of victims of terrorism

This handbook is a compilation of experiences shared during the Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) meetings of the Voices of Victims working group (RAN VVT), held from 2012 to 2015. The RAN VVT working group considered how testimonies from victims of terrorism can work as a powerful
narrative in countering violent extremism (CVE).