ARQ Centre of Expertise Impact

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Patients with overlapping diagnoses of asthma and COPD : is livestock exposure a risk factor for comorbidity and coexisting symptoms and infections?

Background: Epidemiological research on health effects of livestock exposure in population subgroups with compromised respiratory health is still limited. The present study explored the association between livestock exposure and comorbid/concurrent conditions in patients with overlapping diagnoses of asthma and COPD.

The vulnerability paradox in global mental health and its applicability to suicide – CORRIGENDUM

This article erroneously states that Lennart Reifels is affiliated with Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Australia. In fact, he is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Australia.

 

Look for the article: https://psychotraumanet.org/en/vulnerability-paradox-global-mental-health-and-its-applicability-suicide

 

The vulnerability paradox in global mental health and its applicability to suicide

Background: Previous research has identified a vulnerability paradox in global mental health: contrary to positive associations at the individual level, lower vulnerability at the country level is accompanied by a higher prevalence in a variety of mental health problems in national populations. However, the validity of the paradox has been challenged, specifically for bias from modest sample sizes and reliance on a survey methodology not designed for crossnational comparisons.

The nexus between conflict-related sexual violence and trafficking for sexual exploitation in times of conflict

In its 2018 report on conflict-related sexual violence the UN Secretary-General reiterated the importance of addressing the nexus between conflict-related sexual violence and trafficking in human beings for purposes of sexual exploitation in conflict. In this article we will explore this nexus from a psychological and a legal point of view. During conflict the climate of impunity and the extreme contrast between the mighty and the powerless offers an optimal setting and inevitable ground for sexual violence.

The organization of post-disaster psychosocial support in the Netherlands : a meta-synthesis

 

 

Background: Despite numerous calls for a more evidence-based provision of post-disaster psychosocial support, systematic analyses of post-disaster service delivery are scarce.

 

 

Objective: The aim of this review was to evaluate the organization of post-disaster psychosocial support in different disaster settings and to identify determinants.

 

 

Compassionate care provision : an immense need during the refugee crisis : lessons learned from a European capacity-building project

Background:

The refugee crisis has resulted in massive waves of migration towards Europe. Besides sufficient and appropriate healthcare services, these vulnerable populations need kindness, respect, acceptance, empathy, and attention to basic needs. Healthcare professionals ought to have a respectful and compassionate approach to safeguard the dignity and interests of the people they care for.

 

Aim:

Disaster Exercises to Prepare Hospitals for Mass-Casualty Incidents : Does it Contribute to Preparedness or is it Ritualism?

Introduction
The central question this study sought to answer was whether the team members of Strategic Crisis Teams (SCTs) participating in mass-casualty incident (MCI) exercises in the Netherlands learn from their participation.

 

Development and evaluation of a web-based capacity building course in the EUR-HUMAN project to support primary health care professionals in the provision of high-quality care for refugees and migrants

Background:

The ongoing refugee crisis has revealed the need for enhancing primary health care (PHC) professionals’ skills and training.

 

Objectives:

The aim was to strengthen PHC professionals in European countries in the provision of high-quality care for refugees and migrants by offering a concise modular training that was based on the needs of the refugees and PHC professionals as shown by prior research in the EUR-HUMAN project.

 

Methods:

A longitudinal evaluation of active outreach after an aeroplane crash : screening for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression and assessment of self-reported treatment needs

 

Background: In 2009, an aeroplane crashed near Amsterdam. To remedy unmet mental health needs, active outreach was used to identify victims at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.

 

Objective: The active outreach strategy was evaluated by examining the accuracy of screening methods in predicting PTSD and depression, self-reported treatment needs, and the extent to which perceived treatment needs predict trajectories of PTSD.

 

Paradoxes and parallels in the global distribution of trauma-related mental health problems

What the chapters of this book have in common is that they explore cultural aspects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however the current chapter is slightly different because of its emphasis on cross-national patterns and the relevance of country-level factors that turn out to be risk and protective factors themselves.

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