Psychotraumanet: information portal about critical indicents

Psychotraumanet provides access to information about critical incidents. You can find (scientific) articles, interviews, film and audio fragments and news from the media. On Psychotraumanet, the information is divided into ten themes: World War II, resilience & organization, disasters & crises, aggression management, screening & diagnostics, evidence based treatment, complex trauma, child& family, trauma & diversity and humanitarian emergencies.

 

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Do prolonged grief disorder symptoms predict post-traumatic stress

Background: Bereavement can precipitate different forms of psychopathology, including prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and posttraumatic

stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. How these symptoms influence each other is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the temporal

relationship of symptoms of PGD and PTSD following bereavement.

Methods: We included 204 individuals, confronted with the loss of a loved one within the past year, who completed self-report measures of

The role of clinical experience, diagnosis, and theoreticalorientation in the treatment of posttraumatic anddissociative disorders : A vignette and survey investigation

Controversy exists regarding the merits of exposure-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus a phased approach when prominent dissociative symptoms are present.

The first aim of this study was to examine the degree to which diagnosing dissociation in two traumatized patients' vignettes influenced clinicians' preference for phase-oriented treatment and whether clinicians' treatment experience contributed to their treatment preference.

A retrospective study of ketamine administration and the development of acute or post-traumatic stress disorder in 274 war-wounded soldiers

The objective of this study was to explore whether ketamine prevents or exacerbates acute or post-traumatic stress disorders in military trauma patients. We conducted a retrospective study of a database from the French Military Health Service, including all soldiers surviving a war injury in Afghanistan (2010–2012). The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder was made by a psychiatrist and patients were analysed according to the presence or absence of this condition.

Association between baseline psychological attributes and mental health outcomes after soldiers returned from deployment

Background: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military
and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological
resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association
between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health
outcomes following exposure to combat deployment.

Preventing PTSD with oxytocin : effects of oxytocin administration on fear neurocircuitry and PTSD symptom development in recently trauma-exposed individuals

ABSTRACT

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder which

develops in approximately 10% of trauma-exposed individuals. Currently, there are few early

preventive interventions available for PTSD. Intranasal oxytocin administration early posttrauma

may prevent PTSD symptom development, as oxytocin administration was previously

found to beneficially impact neurobiological (e.g. amygdala reactivity) and socio-emotional

PTSD vulnerability factors.

Intranasal oxytocin : miracle cure after trauma?

Background: In popular media and on Internet, the neuropeptide oxytocin is often advertised as a miracle drug that cures all

types of disorders, reduces stress, saves marriages, all conveniently with a nasal spray. Here we will present the effects of intranasal

oxytocin on brain function in recently traumatized individuals and patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and

discuss clinical implications and further research. PTSD is characterized by exaggerated fear responses to threat and traumarelated

Plasma lipoproteins in posttraumatic stress disorder patients compared to healthy controls and their associations with the HPA- and HPT-axis

Abstract

Background

Based on studies among primarily male veteran subjects, lipoproteins are thought to mediate the association of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, recent civilian studies with female samples or samples with both sexes represented provide little evidence for this association. Gender, diet and sex-specific effects of stress hormones on lipoproteins may explain this dissociation in findings.

Screening for trauma-related symptoms via a smartphone app : The validity of Smart Assessment on your Mobile in referred police officers

Abstract

To facilitate easily accessible screening for trauma-related symptoms, a web-based application called Smart Assessment on your Mobile (SAM) was developed. In this study, we examined whether SAM was able to accurately identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in adults.

Risk of relapse after antidepressant discontinuation in anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis of relapse prevention trials

Objectives To examine the risk of relapse and time to relapse after discontinuation of antidepressants in patients with anxiety disorder who responded to antidepressants, and to explore whether relapse risk is related to type of anxiety disorder, type of antidepressant, mode of discontinuation, duration of treatment and follow-up, comorbidity, and allowance of psychotherapy.

 

Design Systematic review and meta-analyses of relapse prevention trials.

 

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