The Relevance of Trauma and Re-experiencing in PTSD, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders

How traumatic events (TEs) should be defined, and how specific TEs are for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were examined in a general mental health care population. Three definitions of TEs were defined, according to the PTSD criteria of DSM-IV. Half of the sample reported any TE, with a high prevalence of TEs among non-PTSD disorders.

 

Previous mental health care, female gender, and the likelihood of assigning PTSD were associated with more severe trauma definitions. Reexperiencing symptoms were especially common among mood disorders. The implications for treatment are discussed and an alternative, dimensional definition of trauma has been proposed.

Reference: 
Ruud A. Jongedijk, Michiel F. van Vreeswijk, Jeroen W. Knipscheer, Rolf J. Kleber & Paul A. Boelen | 2022
In: Journal of Loss and Trauma ; ISSN: 1532-5024
https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2022.2116782
Online ahead of print DOI: 10.1080/15325024.2022.2116782
Keywords: 
Anxiety Disorders, Gender Issues, Identification, Intrusive Thoughts, Mental health care, Mood Disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychotrauma, PTSD (DSM-5), PTSD (en), Reexperiencing, Traumatic events, Treatment