The role of complex PTSD in mediating childhood maltreatment and substance abuse severity among youth seeking substance abuse treatment

Research has indicated that childhood maltreatment is associated with youth substance use problems, however, this association is not yet fully understood. Consistent with theories that describe substance use problems as reflecting impaired self-regulation abilities, we hypothesized that complex posttraumatic stress disorder (Complex PTSD), reflecting disruptions in the development of self-regulatory capacities, would mediate the association between maltreatment and substance use problem severity.

Does Bullying Victimization Suppress IQ? The Effects of Bullying Victimization on IQ in Iraqi and African American Adolescents: A Traumatology Perspective

This study explored the effects of bullying victimization (BV), as a Type II traumatic stressor, on intelligence quotient (IQ), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and complex PTSD symptoms. Participants were 390 African American and Iraqi refugee adolescents. Measures of BV, cumulative life trauma, PTSD, discrimination, and IQ were administered. Correlational, multilevel regression, and path analyses were conducted.

Constellations of Interpersonal Trauma and Symptoms in Child Welfare: Implications for a Developmental Trauma Framework

Patterns of trauma exposure and symptoms were examined in a sample of 16,212 children in Illinois child welfare. Data were collected on trauma histories, child and caregiver needs and strengths, and analyzed in light of the proposed Developmental Trauma Disorder diagnostic criteria.

Assessment of Complex Trauma Exposure, Responses, and Service Needs Among Children and Adolescents in Child Welfare

Exposure to multiple, chronic interpersonal traumas, often referred to as complex trauma exposure, can impact several areas of mental health need and functioning. A comprehensive assessment of needs and strengths is essential to making appropriate service recommendations. This study assessed 4,272 youth within the Illinois child welfare system using the Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS). A significant proportion of this sample had multiple/chronic caregiver-related trauma.

Attentional bias modification in veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: a case series with a personalized treatment version

Beneficial effects of attentional bias modification have been claimed for a number of anxiety disorders, but study results are variable. A recent trial in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) showed no therapeutic effects. The use of personally relevant and verbal stimuli might increase the efficacy of attentional bias modification. In an A–B case series design, we hypothesized that individualized attentional bias modification would lead to reduction of attentional bias and a decrease in PTSD symptoms.

Challenges in treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder

Background: Research shows that trauma-focused therapy and multimodal interventions are the two most
often used strategies in treatment of refugees suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While
preliminary evidence suggests that trauma-focused approaches may have some efficacy, this could not be
established for multimodal interventions. However, it may be that multimodal interventions have been studied
in more treatment-resistant refugees with very high levels of psychopathology, disability, and chronicity. In the

Developmental perspective on trauma

This book presents a new model on trauma. A new factor in this book is the impact of the child developmental stage itself on the perception of traumatic events. This concerns the way trauma influences the performance of the developmental tasks, a formative developmental perspective. A frame of...

Interpersonal trauma in female offenders: a new, brief, group intervention delivered in a community based setting

Background: High prevalence rates of interpersonal violence and abuse histories in female offenders have been well documented in the literature. However, the evidence base on the effectiveness of such interventions remains rather limited. Objective: The present pilot study reports on the effectiveness of a new, brief, psychoeducational group intervention for the management of mental health and...

In Richtung 'Komplexe PTBS': Die deutsche Version des Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) zur Erfassung komplexer Traumafolgen

This study tested the German translation of the Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) by Briere [1]. The TSI aims at assessing complex posttraumatic symptoms. TSI was part of a large test battery, among which the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Short Screening Scale, Short Form Health Survey, Geriatric Depression Scale and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were part of. A sample of N=116...

Increased anterior cingulate cortex and hippocampus activation in Complex PTSD during encoding of negative words

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impaired memory performance coupled with functional changes in brain areas involved in declarative memory and emotion regulation. It is not yet clear how symptom severity and comorbidity affect neurocognitive functioning in PTSD. We performed a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study with an emotional declarative memory task in...