The effect of parental emotional abuse on the severity and treatment of PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents

Background: Maltreatment by a primary caregiver is an important risk factor for the development of PTSD symptoms. Whereas meta-analyses indicate that parental emotional abuse is one of the most common forms of maltreatment, the impact of emotional abuse on PTSD symptoms and treatment effectiveness is still unclear, especially in children.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the impact of parental emotional abuse on PTSD symptom severity and effectiveness of trauma treatment in children and adolescents.

Evaluating the Prevalence of PTSD among Children and Adolescents after Earthquakes and Floods : a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Our study systematically reviews articles about the prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among children and adolescents, aiming to evaluate its prevalence after earthquakes and floods.Three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for articles published from 1981 to 2019 containing information on PTSD prevalence among survivors of earthquakes and floods. Articles with insufficient data on the prevalence of PTSD or without any available full-text were excluded.

 

Perceived treatment processes and effects of interactive motion-assisted exposure therapy for veterans with treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder : a mixed methods study

Background: A novel intervention, Multi-modular motion-assisted memory desensitization
and reconsolidation (3MDR), aims to reduce avoidance and improve engagement for
patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who did not sufficiently respond to
previous treatments. It has been found to effectively reduce PTSD symptoms for veterans
with treatment-resistant PTSD. Symptomatic measures alone might not capture all treatment
effects, and addition of qualitative outcomes may provide deeper understanding of

The relationship between potentially traumatic or stressful events, HIV infection and neurocognitive impairment (NCI) : a systematic review of observational epidemiological studies

Background: HIV/AIDS and potentially traumatic events (PTEs) or stressful life events (SLEs) and/or PTSD are independently associated with neurocognitive impairment (NCI). Literature suggests that HIV and PTE/SLE exposure independently and consistently affect various domains of cognition including language ability, working memory and psychomotor speed. There are limited data on the interaction between HIV infection and PTEs and their combined effect on NCI.

Genetic predictors of hippocampal subfield volume in PTSD cases and trauma-exposed controls

Behavioural, structural, and functional neuroimaging have implicated the hippocampus as a critical brain region in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathogenesis. Recent work in a normative, primarily European, sample identified 15 unique genetic loci contributing to structural variability in six hippocampal subfield volumes. We explored the relevance of these loci in two samples (Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Centre [MIRECC] and Grady; n = 290) of trauma-exposed individuals enriched for PTSD and of diverse ancestry.

 

Posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic depreciation (PTD) across ten countries : Global validation of the PTG-PTD theoretical model

This study examined the relationships between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic depreciation (PTD) across 10 countries and assessed the factorial invariance of the standardized inventory assessing PTG and PTD, the PTGDI-X, the expansion of the PTGI-X (Tedeschi et al., 2017).

 

Sexual function and pelvic floor activity in women : the role of traumatic events and PTSD symptoms

Background: Traumatic sexual experiences can negatively affect sexual functioning and increase pelvic floor activity in women, especially when post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is developed. However, little is known about the effect of other types of interpersonal and non-interpersonal, traumatic experiences on sexual function and pelvic floor overactivity. 

PTSD-Repository

The PTSD Trials Standardized Data Repository (PTSD-Repository) is a database that contains hundreds of variables extracted from more than 300 published randomized controlled clinical trials of PTSD treatment. The data in PTSD-Repository are free to use without restriction.

 

 

Access a growing set of featured visualizations or easily create custom maps and graphs. Download data in a variety of formats for use offline or filter data within the site itself.

Sleep disturbances and nightmares in victims of sexual abuse with post-traumatic stress disorder : an analysis of abuse-related characteristics

Background: Sexual abuse victims often experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including sleep disturbances.

 

Objective: To investigate whether or not characteristics of sexual abuse are associated with sleep disturbance, and to explore whether correlates of sleep disturbance are distinguishable from those of PTSD symptom severity.

 

Applying machine learning on health record data from general practitioners to predict suicidality

Background: Suicidal behaviour is difficult to detect in the general practice. Machine learning (ML) algorithms using routinely collected data might support General Practitioners (GPs) in the detection of suicidal behaviour. In this paper, we applied machine learning techniques to support GPs recognizing suicidal behaviour in primary care patients using routinely collected general practice data.

 

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