Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for Moral Trauma (BEP-MT) : treatment protocol description and a case study

ABSTRACT

Background: Traumatic events can be related to severe transgressions or violations of moral boundaries. Moral injury (MI) has been described as ‘the lasting psychological, biological, spiritual, behavioral and social impact of perpetrating, failing to prevent, or bearing witness to acts that transgress deeply held moral beliefs and expectations.’ These events can provoke emotions such as remorse, guilt and shame, and affects someone’s self-image and identity.

Prevalence and determinants of secondary posttraumatic growth following trauma work among medical personnel : a cross sectional study

Background: People helping trauma victims as a part of their work may experience positive results, known as Secondary Posttraumatic Growth (SPTG).

 

Aim: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of SPTG among medical personnel, considering occupational load, job satisfaction, social support, and cognitive processing of trauma, understood as cognitive coping strategies.

 

Rich false memories of autobiographical events can be reversed

False memories of autobiographical events can create enormous problems in forensic settings (e.g., false accusations). While multiple studies succeeded in inducing false memories in interview settings, we present research trying to reverse this effect (and thereby reduce the potential damage) by means of two ecologically valid strategies. We first successfully implanted false memories for two plausible autobiographical events (suggested by the students’ parents, alongside two true events).

 

Symptoms of prolonged grief disorder as per DSM-5-TR, posttraumatic stress, and depression : Latent classes and correlations with anxious and depressive avoidance

Bereavement may precipitate significant mental health problems. Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is included in section 2 of the forthcoming DSM-5 text-revision (DSM-5-TR). Research using earlier criteria of disordered grief showed that bereaved people may have distinct symptom patterns—including high, low, and comorbid symptomatology.

 

Upward and Downward Counterfactual Thought after Loss : A Multi-wave Controlled Longitudinal Study

Highlights

 

• Non-referent upward counterfactuals related positively to baseline psychopathology

• Self-referent upward counterfactuals related positively to future psychopathology

• Effects of self-referent upward counterfactuals about loss were unique to the event

• Prolonged grief treatments should focus on themes of guilt, regret and self-blame

 

Abstract

 

Editorial : Grief Disorders : Clinical, Cultural, and Epidemiological Aspects

Grief disorders have recently been included in international diagnostic classifications, including the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM-5; (1)] and the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases [ICD-11; (2)]. Specifically, DSM-5 now includes the category “other specified trauma- and stressor-related disorder,” with persistent complex bereavement disorder as one of the specific examples, and ICD-11 includes prolonged grief disorder (PGD).

CBT for Prolonged Grief in Children and Adolescents : A Randomized Clinical Trial

Objective: Prolonged grief disorder wasnewly included in ICD-11 and resembles persistent complex bereavement disorder, newly included in DSM-5.

Trauma, PTSD, and complex PTSD in the Republic of Ireland : prevalence, service use, comorbidity, and risk factors

Purpose This study represents the first assessment of the prevalence of trauma exposure, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD), ever conducted in the general population of the Republic of Ireland. Additionally, prevalence of past-year mental health service use, comorbidity with major depression and generalized anxiety, and risk factors associated with PTSD and CPTSD were assessed.

 

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