The Trauma-Focused CBT and Family Acceptance Project : An Integrated Framework for Children and Youth

Sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth experience the same types of traumas as their non-SGM peers, including child maltreatment, domestic and community violence, accidents, traumatic death, and separation. SGM youth are also at elevated risk for stressors common among minorities. Furthermore, these youth experience distinct ongoing stress related to discriminatory societal, medical, educational, housing, employment and/or legal attitudes, norms and/or practices, among others.


In addition, SGM youth are at increased risk for traumas that are specifically related to their sexual orientation, gender identity ,and/or expression. They may be bullied, sexually or physically assaulted, or rejected by their parents. Thus, these youth are at significantly greater risk for cumulative trauma exposure, and for developing the negative mental health and medical problems related to stigma, minority stress, and trauma. 

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Judith Cohen, MD; and Caitlin Ryan, PhD, ACSW | 2021
In: Psychiatric Times ; ISSN: 0893-2905 | 38 | 6 | june | 15-19
Adolescents, Anxiety Disorders, Children, Cognitive Disorders, Depressive Disorders, Gender Issues, Mental health, Parents, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychosocial support, Psychotrauma, PTSD (en), Randomized Clinical Trial, Sexuality, Suicidality, Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy