Creative arts therapy for traumatized children in South Africa : an evaluation study

 

Aim

To evaluate the feasibility and effect of a 10-session creative arts in psychotherapy group programme on posttraumatic stress symptoms, behavioural problems, and posttraumatic growth, in children who experienced a traumatic event.

 

Design

A multicentre non-randomized controlled trial with a treatment and a control condition conducted in South Africa (4 sites).

 

Methods

Stop the War on Children : Protecting Children in 21st Century Conflict

The nature of conflict has changed, putting children in the frontline in new and terrible ways. Wars are lasting longer. They are more likely to be fought in urban areas amongst civilian populations leading to deaths and life-changing injuries, and laying waste to the infrastructure needed to guarantee access to food and water. Attacks on schools and hospitals are up. The denial of humanitarian aid is used as yet another weapon of war. The international rules and basic standards of conduct that exist to protect civilians in conflict are being flouted with impunity.

 

Associations between perceived social support, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) : implications for treatment

ABSTRACT

 

Background:

Perceived social support (PSS) is one of the most important risk factors for the onset and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, however the relationship between PSS and Complex PTSD (CPTSD) is unknown. The evidence-base for CPTSD treatment is currently lacking, though increasingly important given the recent publication of the ICD-11, which now allows for a formal diagnosis of CPTSD.

 

Objective:

Prevalence and course of subthreshold anxiety disorder in the general population : A three-year follow-up study

 

Highlights

•In the general population the prevalence of subthreshold anxiety disorders is 11.4%.

 

•Subthreshold anxiety disorders have a heterogeneous three-year course.

 

•In 57.3% of respondents subthreshold anxiety symptoms are self-limiting.

 

•Symptoms were persistent in 29.0% and progressed into an anxiety disorder in 13.8%.

 

•People with persistent or progressive anxiety symptoms may benefit from intervention.

 

Abstract

 

Symptomatology following loss and trauma : Latent class and network analyses of prolonged grief disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression in a treatment-seeking trauma-exposed sample

Background:

Although bereavement is likely a common stressor among patients referred to a psychotrauma clinic, no study has yet examined the co-occurrence and relationships between symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and major depressive disorder symptoms in this population.

 

Method:

Aetiology and treatment of nightmare disorder : State of the art and future perspectives

This consensus paper provides an overview of the state of the art in research on the aetiology and treatment of nightmare disorder and outlines further perspectives on these issues. It presents a definition of nightmares and nightmare disorder followed by epidemiological findings, and then explains existing models of nightmare aetiology in traumatized and non‐traumatized individuals.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevention and Treatment Guidelines : Methodology and Recommendations

This document includes the recommendations and describes the methodology used to develop them. Important issues that should be considered when interpreting the recommendations, and translating them into practice, are highlighted. It was decided to publish the recommendations and position papers in advance of the book as they represent a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of high quality research evidence that is likely to help practitioners in their work.

ISTSS Guidelines Position Paper on Complex PTSD in Children and Adolescents

For the past two decades, there has been substantial debate about whether there are qualitatively different symptom profiles that can develop in children from different types of traumatic events and life circumstances. The term “complex trauma” is often used to describe both the presumed causes and the consequences of exposure to traumatic stressors when the child has experienced other significant adversities and is manifesting more severe clinical presentations.

ISTSS Guidelines Position Paper on Complex PTSD in Adults

For the past two decades, there has been substantial debate about whether there are qualitatively different symptom profiles that can develop from different experiences of traumatic events. It has been proposed that more complex symptom profiles, called “complex PTSD,” can emerge from events that involve multiple, chronic or repeated types of traumas that are of an interpersonal nature and from which escape is difficult or impossible such as childhood abuse, domestic violence, genocide campaigns and being a prisoner of war (Herman, 1992).

Estimating the risk of PTSD in recent trauma survivors : results of the International Consortium to Predict PTSD (ICPP)

A timely determination of the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prerequisite for efficient service delivery and prevention. We provide a risk estimate tool allowing a calculation of individuals’ PTSD likelihood from early predictors.

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