The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine


The dominant model of disease today is biomedical, and it leaves no room within tis framework for the social, psychological, and behavioral dimensions of illness. A biopsychosocial model is proposed that provides a blueprint for research, a framework for teaching, and a design for action in the real world of health care.

The role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in anxiety and emotional resilience

The study of brain correlates of emotion in humans has posed a persistent challenge, in part because:a) it is difficult to manipulate and maintain strong emotional statesb) the analysis of state-effects is complicated by low-frequency drift and difficulties in specifying precisely what cognitive and affective operations may give rise to state-related brain activity.In this study, we induced an emotional state using a silent public speech-preparation task that has been shown to provoke anxiety.