Exploring the importance of predisposing, enabling, and need factors for promoting Veteran engagement in mental health therapy for post‑traumatic stress : a multiple methods study


This study explored Veteran and family member perspectives on factors that drive post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) therapy engagement within constructs of the Andersen model of behavioral health service utilization. Despite efforts by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to increase mental health care access, the proportion of Veterans with PTSD who engage in PTSD therapy remains low. Support for therapy from family members and friends could improve Veteran therapy use.




Clinicians’ Views on Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy : A Mixed Method Systematic Review

This mixed methods systematic review aimed to provide insight into the clinicians’ views and experiences of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Seven electronic databases (PsychINFO, Public MEDLINE [PubMed], Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL], Scopus, Web of Science and Excerpta Medica Database [EMBASE], and Applied Social Sciences Index) and grey literature (ProQuest and Google Scholar) were searched systematically from inception to October 2021. Quality was assessed using the


Randomized controlled trial evaluating feedback to community-based therapists based on patient reports of trust and respect.

Objective: Patient trust/respect toward their therapists may be an important component of patient–therapist relationships. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of providing weekly feedback to therapists regarding patient ratings of trust/respect toward their therapist.


Amygdala downregulation training using fMRI neurofeedback in post-traumatic stress disorder : a randomized, double-blind trial

Hyperactivation of amygdala is a neural marker for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and improvement in control over amygdala activity has been associated with treatment success in PTSD. In this randomized, double-blind clinical trial we evaluated the efficacy of a real-time fMRI neurofeedback intervention designed to train control over amygdala activity following trauma recall.


Pharmacological memory modulation to augment trauma-focused psychotherapy for PTSD : a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Trauma-focused psychotherapy (tf-PT) is the first-line treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tf-PT focuses on processing and modulating trauma memories. Not all patients benefit, however, and there is room for improvement of efficacy. Pharmacologically augmenting trauma memory modulation in the context of tf-PT may help optimise treatment outcome. To systematically review effects of pharmacologically augmented memory modulation in the context of tf-PT for PTSD (PROSPERO preregistration ID: CRD42021230623).


Triadic Therapy Based on Somatic Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder : A Pilot Randomized Controlled Study

The triadic therapy based on somatic eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for posttraumatic stress disorder (TSP) is a combination therapy for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD), which comprises simplified EMDR, triplet of micro-dose medicines, and a pair of Chinese medicines. The EMDR procedure is a tactile bilateral stimulation on the body surface with minimum verbal intervention within 15 minutes every 2 weeks in a period of 2–3 months.


Emotion dysregulation mediates the association between acute sleep disturbance and later posttraumatic stress symptoms in trauma exposed adults

Background: Sleep disturbance is common within days to weeks following a traumatic event and has been associated with emotion dysregulation, a strong risk factor for PTSD development. This study aims to examine if emotion dysregulation mediates the relationship between early post-trauma sleep disturbance and subsequent PTSD symptom severity.


Sleep and day-to-day PTSD symptom variability : an ecological momentary assessment and actigraphy monitored study in trauma-exposed young adults

Disrupted sleep and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are bi-directionally linked and have been found to mutually reinforce each other on a day-to-day basis. However, most of the previous research has focused on subjective measures of sleep only.


Here, we investigated the temporal relationship between sleep and PTSD symptoms using both subjective (sleep diary) and objective measures of sleep (actigraphy).


Habituation of distress during exposure and its relationship to treatment outcome in post-traumatic stress disorder and prolonged grief disorder

Background: Reliving distressing memories is a core component of treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and prolonged grief disorder (PGD). There is little understanding of how reliving these memories functions in the treatment of these disorders.


Objective: This study investigated whether reliving functions comparably in the treatment of PTSD and PGD, and whether it is comparably related to treatment outcome.


Feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of web-based and mobile PTSD Coach : a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: Timely and effective interventions can alleviate or prevent the development of clinical symptomatology in trauma-exposed individuals. However, due to limited access to these interventions, and/or stigma around accessing mental health services, there is an unmet need. Internet-and mobile-based interventions may help to address this need.