The dissociative post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype : A treatment outcome cohort study in veterans with PTSD

Abstract

Objectives

Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement.

Associability-modulated loss learning is increased in posttraumatic stress disorder

Disproportionate reactions to unexpected stimuli in the environment are a cardinal symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Here, we test whether these heightened responses are associated with disruptions in distinct components of reinforcement learning. Specifically, using functional neuroimaging, a loss-learning task, and a computational model-based approach, we assessed the mechanistic hypothesis that overreactions to stimuli in PTSD arise from anomalous gating of attention during learning (i.e., associability).

A single-session growth mindset intervention for adolescent anxiety and depression : 9-month outcomes of a randomized trial

Background

Single-session interventions (SSIs) show promise in the prevention and treatment of youth psychopathology, carrying potential to improve the scalability and accessibility of youth psychological services. However, existing SSIs have conferred greater benefits for youths with anxiety, compared to depression or comorbid problems, and their effects have generally waned over time – particularly for follow-ups exceeding 3 months.

Method

Longitudinal analyses of the DNA methylome in deployed military servicemen identify susceptibility loci for post-traumatic stress disorder

In order to determine the impact of the epigenetic response to traumatic stress on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this study examined longitudinal changes of genome-wide blood DNA methylation profiles in relation to the development of PTSD symptoms in two prospective military cohorts (one discovery and one replication data set).

Incentivizing Attendance to Prolonged Exposure for PTSD With Opioid Use Disorder Patients : A Randomized Controlled Trial

Objective: To determine whether contingent monetary incentives increase opioid use disorder patients' attendance to Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy and whether attendance is associated with improvement in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) outcomes.

Method: Patients (N = 58) with PTSD were offered PE or PE with incentives (PE + I; max $480) to attend PE sessions. Participants were assessed at baseline and weeks 6, 12, and 24 postrandomization.

Prevalence of Psychotropic Medication Use Among Dutch Military Personnel Between 2003 and 2012 and Its Comparison to the Dutch General Population

 

Background: The armed forces work under high pressure and in stressful environments and it is well known that being in the military is a risk factor for psychiatric problems. However, it remains unknown how prevalent psychotropic medication use is in military personnel.

 

Objective: To assess prevalence of psychotropic medication use in Dutch military personnel and compare to the Dutch general population.

 

Trauma-informed intercultural group supervision

Trauma-informed group supervision is a novel way of providing much-needed supervision to trauma helpers. We describe a structured group supervision method originally developed for Western trauma supervisors. Core features of the method are two identification rounds: first, identification with the client as a person and, second, identification with the position of the case presenter. We explain why we designed this structured identification approach and elaborate its main features. This method has been applied in many intercultural contexts and post-conflict regions of the world.

Comparative effectiveness and safety of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders : a sytematic review and meta-analysis

IMPORTANCE

Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use.

 

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders.

 

DATA SOURCES

The effects of intranasal oxytocin after trauma

Abstract

 

Rationale: Oxytocin has been suggested as promising pharma-cological strategy for prevention and medication-enhanced psychotherapy (MEP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), by influencing neural fear responses, peripheral stress responses and socio-emotional functioning [1].

 

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