Symptoms of prolonged grief, posttraumatic stress, and depression in recently bereaved people : symptom profiles, predictive value, and cognitive behavioural correlates

Purpose: Prior latent class analyses (LCA) have focused on people who were bereaved more than 6 months earlier. Research has yet to examine patterns and correlates of emotional responses in the frst few months of bereavement. We examined whether subgroups could be identifed among very recently (≤6 months) bereaved adults, based on their endorsement of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression.

Factors deterring and prompting the decision to attempt suicide on the railway networks : findings from 353 online surveys and 34 semi-structured interviews

Background

There is a suicide on the British railways every 36 hours. However, the reasons why people choose to die by train are not well understood.

Aims

To explore factors influencing and discouraging the decision to attempt suicide on the railway networks.

Method

We conducted an online survey and qualitative interviews with individuals who had contemplated or attempted suicide by train.

Results

Mind the Mind Now Conference Special 7 & 8 october 2019

On 7 and 8 October 2019, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation Sigrid Kaag hosted the first International Conference on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS)  in Crisis Situations in Amsterdam. During this conference, a special ‘magazine’ was made, containing stories, interviews, pictures and tweets related to the topic and the event.

2 TWEETS OF THE DAY #mindthemindnow

4 PREFACE Minister Sigrid Kaag

6 INFOGRAPHIC MHPSS in the world

7 VOICES FROM THE FIELD Aweng Chuol

8 DECLARATION mind the mind now

Undocumented asylum seekers with posttraumatic stress disorder in the Netherlands

Background: To date, most studies on the mental health of refugees in Europe have focused on the prevalence and treatment of psychopathology. Little is known about those who illegally reside in the host country, referred to, in the Netherlands, as undocumented asylum seekers. There are indications that mental health and psychosocial problems are more prevalent in this group than among refugees in general, with unsatisfactory treatment outcomes.

The Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Interview (DSP-I) : Development and Psychometric Properties

The inclusion of the dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD-DS) in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) reflects the importance of assessing PTSD-DS. We developed the Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Interview (DSP-I).

Reciprocal Associations Among Symptom Levels of Disturbed Grief, Posttraumatic Stress, and Depression Following Traumatic Loss : A Four-Wave Cross-Lagged Study

Disturbed grief, operationalized as persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD), correlates with yet differs from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. However, knowledge about temporal associations among these symptoms is limited. We aimed to enhance our understanding of the etiology of loss-related distress by examining temporal associations among PCBD, PTSD, and depression symptom levels. Dutch people (N = 172) who lost significant other(s) in a plane disaster completed questionnaires for PCBD, PTSD, and depression 11, 22, 31, and 42 months after the disaster.

Post-traumatic stress disorder and dementia in veterans : A scoping literature review

ABSTRACT: Emerging research has found an association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dementia in veterans, yet little is known about the nature of this association and how it is conceptualized in the literature. The purpose of this scoping review is to understand how the relationship between PTSD and dementia in veterans is recognized and described in the peerreviewed literature. A scoping review was conducted using Arksey and O’Malley’s (International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8, 19, 2005) framework.

Comparison of DSM-5 criteria for persistent complex bereavement disorder and ICD-11 criteria for prolonged grief disorder in help-seeking bereaved children.

Background: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) is a disorder of grief that newly entered DSM-5. Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a disorder of grief included in ICD-11. No prior studies examined and compared the dimensionality, prevalence, and concurrent validity of both conditions among bereaved children.

The relationship between childhood abuse and severity of psychosis is mediated by loneliness: an experience sampling study

Background: This study tested the hypotheses that (i) the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and severity of psychosis is mediated by loneliness; (ii) the relationship between loneliness and psychosis is mediated by within-person fluctuations in depressive and anxious feelings. Methods: Fifty-nine individuals with non-affective psychotic disorder rated the intensity of loneliness, positive symptoms, and depressive and anxious feelings during repeated moments in daily life (Experience Sampling Method).

Trauma and Public Mental Health : A Focused Review

Psychological trauma has developed into a very common concept in the scientific community, in mental health care, as well as in popular language and mass media. The purpose of this article is to show the relevance of the discipline of traumatic stress studies to the field of public mental health by examining central concepts and findings concerning trauma and its aftermath and examining implications for public mental health.

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