Psychiatric reactions to disaster: the Mount St. Helens experience


Following the 1980 Mount St. Helens volcanic eruption, psychiatric reactions were studied in the disaster area and in a control community. Using the new criterion-based diagnostic method for psychiatric epidemiologic research, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, the authors found a significant prevalence of disaster-related psychiatric disorders. These Mount St. Helens disorders included depression, generalized anxiety, and posttraumatic stress reaction. There was a progressive "dose-response" relationship in the comparison of control, low-exposure, and high-exposure groups. The dose-response pattern occurred among both the bereaved and the property-loss victims.

Shore JH, Tatum EL, Vollmer WM. | 1986
In: The American journal of psychiatry, ISSN 0002-953X | 143 | 5 | May | 590-595
Placement code: 
Yzermans collectie