Posttraumatic stress reactions after single and double trauma


This study evaluated the severity and symptom profile of posttraumatic stress reactions of 202 adults exposed in 1988 to political violence in Azerbaijan and/or the earthquake in Armenia. High rates of severe posttraumatic stress reactions were found among the most highly exposed individuals, irrespective of the type of trauma. There was no difference in symptom profile for subjects exposed to earthquake versus violence. These similarities in severity and symptom profile may be attributable to common features of the exposures, which included experiencing life-threat and witnessing injury, multilation and death. Recent prior exposure to violence contributed to the severity of reaction to the earthquake. The high rates of chronic and severe posttraumatic stress reactions in Armenia constitute a major public mental health problem.

Goenjian AK1, Najarian LM, Pynoos RS, Steinberg AM, Petrosian P, Setrakyan S, Fairbanks LA | 1994
In: Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-690X | 90 | 3 | Sep | 214-221
Placement code: 
Yzermans collectie