Posttraumatic stress disorder in mothers of children and adolescents with burns


This is the first study of of posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents (24 mothers and one father) of children with burns. The purpose of the study was to determine what factors relate to parental posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because the sample is all mothers, except for one father, the conclusions are about mothers. Through use of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, symptoms were determined as occurring from the time of the burn injury until 1 month before the interview (past), 1 month before the interview only (present), or from the date of the burn trauma up to and including 1 month before the interview (past and present). By Structural Clinical Interview criteria, 52% of the mothers had past PTSD, with four (31%) of those mothers having present PTSD symptoms. Eleven mothers and the one father reported neither past nor present PTSD. Multiple regression analysis revealed that larger burns were more strongly related to present PTSD symptoms than were proximity, social support, or perceived stress. Additional findings indicated that mothers with more than one child burned and those mothers who were burned themselves met diagnostic criteria for PTSD. Implications are that posttraumatic stress symptoms can be disruptive to a mother feeling capable of caring for her child with burns after the injury. Individual and group therapy during and after a child's hospitalization may be useful for mothers to reduce stress and to develop better coping skills.

Rizzone LP1, Stoddard FJ, Murphy JM, Kruger LJ | 1994
In: The Journal of burn care & rehabilitation, ISSN 0273-8481 | 15 | 2 | Mar-Apr | 158-163
Placement code: 
Yzermans collectie