Evaluation of cognitive restructuring for post-traumatic stress disorder in people with severe mental illness

A cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) programme designed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people with severe mental illness, including breathing retraining, education and cognitive restructuring, was shown to be more effective than usual services.
To evaluate the incremental benefit of adding cognitive restructuring to the breathing retraining and education components of the CBT programme (trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00494650).
In all, 201 people with severe mental illness and PTSD were randomised to 12- to 16-session CBT or a 3-session brief treatment programme (breathing retraining and education). The primary outcome was PTSD symptom severity.
Secondary outcomes were PTSD diagnosis, other symptoms, functioning and quality of life.
There was greater improvement in PTSD symptoms and functioning in the CBT group than in the brief treatment group, with both groups improving on other outcomes and effects maintained 1-year post-treatment.
Cognitive restructuring has a significant impact beyond breathing retraining and education in the CBT programme, reducing PTSD symptoms and improving functioning in people with severe mental illness.

Kim T. Mueser, Jennifer D. Gottlieb, Haiyi Xie, Weili Lu, Philip T. Yanos, Stanley D. Rosenberg, Steven M. Silverstein, Stephanie Marcello Duva, Shula Minsky, Rosemarie S. Wolfe, Gregory J. McHugo | 2015
In: The British journal of psychiatry, ISSN 0007 1250 | 206 | 6 | juni | 501-508