Bouncing forward of young refugees : a perspective on resilience research directions

While studies on the consequences of trauma and forced migration on young refugees have focused mainly on their pathology, a focus on resilience in young refugees is needed to adequately represent their response to adversity and to help understand their needs. The aim of this article is to present a proposed study of resilience in young refugees which has been informed by an overview of achievements and challenges in the field of resilience. In order to advance the field of resilience, several topics need clarification: definition and assessment of resilience, the relation of resilience to other constructs and the underlying biological and external factors influencing resilience. With respect to young refugees, the cross-cultural applicability of resilience has to be examined. Qualitative research, mixed method designs, comparative studies, and longitudinal studies seem especially promising in furthering this goal. The proposed study compares refugee adolescents with Dutch adolescents. Data from qualitative evidence synthesis, interviews, questionnaires, experiments, and DNA analysis will be combined to provide a multifaceted picture of factors contributing to resilience, resulting in a better understanding and efficient use of “resilience” to meet the needs of traumatised youth

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Marieke Sleijpen, F. Jackie June ter Heide, Trudy Mooren, Hennie R. Boeije, Rolf J. Kleber | 2013
In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, ISSN 2000-8066 | 4 | 20124
Adolescents, Methodology, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD (DSM-5), PTSD (DSM-IV), Refugees, Research Needs, Resilience