Refugee and Migrant Health Toolkit

What is the toolkit?

Refugee and Migrant Health Toolkit (the Toolkit) developed by WHO’s Health and Migration Programme is a comprehensive, operational and user-friendly source of information, guidance and tools supporting implementation of health and migration related activities including the Global action plan: promoting the health of refugees and migrants 2019–23 (GAP), Regional Action Plans and other initiatives having similar goals.

No association between war-related trauma or PTSD symptom severity and epigenome-wide DNA methylation in Burundian refugees

Background: War-related trauma is associated with varying posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence rates in refugees. In PTSD development, differential DNA methylation (DNAm) levels associated with trauma exposure might be involved in risk versus resilience processes. Studies investigating DNAm profiles related to trauma exposure and PTSD among refugees remain sparse.


Exploring the associations between social support and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among Malaysian and Australian trauma survivors

Background: Social support is an important feature in understanding posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its treatment. Non-clinical research has identified distinct profiles of culturally appropriate social support. Despite this, little research has examined cultural influences on social support in the context of PTSD.


Objective: This study examined cultural differences in the associations between social support and symptoms of PTSD.


Health and social consequences for survivors of genocidal rape : A systematic scoping review

The unique forms of trauma experienced by survivors of genocidal rape are not well understood. Hence, we conducted a systematic scoping review regarding the consequences for survivors of rape during genocide. Searches conducted in PubMed, Global Health, Scopus, PyscInfo, and Embase produced a total of 783 articles. After completing the screening process, 34 articles were eligible for inclusion in the review.

Trauma-focused treatment for traumatic stress symptoms in unaccompanied refugee minors : a multiple baseline case series

Introduction: Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are at increased risk of developing mental health problems, such as symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. In addition, URMs face several barriers to mental health care. Few studies have evaluated trauma-focused interventions for URMs that target these issues. The current study evaluated a multimodal trauma-focused treatment approach for URMs.

Depression among Turkish and Moroccan immigrant populations in Northwestern Europe : a systematic review of prevalence and correlates

Background: This systematic review aimed to synthesize the prevalence and correlates of depressive disorders and symptoms of Turkish and Moroccan immigrant populations in Northwestern Europe, formulating evidence-informed recommendations for clinical practice.

Us and Us : Reflections of the Wellbeing of Church-based Volunteers Working with Refugees and Asylum-seekers, Edinburgh, Scotland

Over the past 5 years, Scotland has seen numbers of refugees and asylum-seekers increase significantly. Churches and other faith-based organisations have been key players in aiding with the reception and integration of these “New Scots”. Although many volunteers characterise their experiences as positive, there have also been unique challenges presented for their mental health and emotional wellbeing as they navigate complex relationships and stories of hardship.

Social capital-based mental health interventions for refugees : Ukraine and beyond.

New knowledge about social capital and mental health for refugees is particularly timely in light of the current Ukrainian refugee situation. Several European countries, typically more accustomed to funding large-scale refugee aid operations on other continents, find themselves receiving and providing primary aid to waves of Ukrainian refugees. The United Nations estimates that more than 6.8 million people have left Ukraine (as of 29 May 20221), and 7.1 million have been internally displaced (as of 23 May 20222); the actual totals have likely increased in subsequent months.

Peer-provided psychological intervention for Syrian refugees : results of a randomised controlled trial on the effectiveness of Problem Management Plus


The mental health burden among refugees in high-income countries (HICs) is high, whereas access to mental healthcare can be limited.



To examine the effectiveness of a peer-provided psychological intervention (Problem Management Plus; PM+) in reducing symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among Syrian refugees in the Netherlands.