Authors' reply

Dr Halvorsen quite rightly draws attention to the various definitions of clinically significant change, which all have their advantages and disadvantages. We especially agree with the comment that the threshold for clinically significant change should at least coincide with the threshold for reliable change (18.66 in our sample).

Culture-sensitive psychotraumatology

Background: Although there is some evidence of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) construct’s cross cultural validity, trauma-related disorders may vary across cultures, and the same may be true for treatments that address such conditions. Experienced therapists tailor psychotherapy to each patient’s particular situation, to the nature of the patient’s psychopathology, to the stage of therapy, and so on.

The case of refugees : A case of social bonds.

Having worked with many refugees, Pim Scholte explains the human side of the refugee crisis from the point of view of a psychiatrist. This april  Pim Scholte at the Academiegebouw of the University of Utrecht held a TED talk under the titel: 'The case of refugees. A case of social bonds'. The presentation is part of a yearly series, organised by University colledge Utrecht.

A vulnerability paradox in the cross-national prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder

Determinants of cross-national differences in the prevalence of mental illness are poorly understood.
To test whether national post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) rates can be explained by (a) rates of exposure to trauma and (b) countries' overall cultural and socioeconomic vulnerability to adversity.

The impact of cultural differences in self-representation on the neural substrates of posttraumatic stress disorder

A significant body of literature documents the neural mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, there is very little empirical work considering the influence of culture on these underlying mechanisms.

Psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees

Background: The effects of treatment in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably not only between studies but also between patients within a single study. However, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment, as few studies have analysed predictors of treatment outcome.
Objective: The objective of the study was to examine possible psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees.

Preserving and Improving the Mental Health of Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Literature Review for the Health Council of the Netherlands

According to the UNHCR, a record number of around 60 million people are currently displaced worldwide. In 2015, more than 1 million refugees and asylum seekers had reached Europe across the Mediterranean Sea, with more than 50% constituting Syrians.1 Around 59.000 refugees and asylum seekers arrived in the Netherlands in 2015.2 Given the on-going civil war in Syria and difficult conditions in the regional countries, it is not likely that the refugee influx will reduce substantially in the following years.

A first assessment of the needs of young refugees arriving in Europe: what mental health professionals need to know

Thousands of young refugees are currently entering Europe.They are exposed to many risks pre-flight, during their flight, and upon arrival, which make them vulnerable for the development of mental health problems. Our expertise as mental health professionals is crucial for the promotion of a healthy adaptation of these young people and their families and to lower their risks. In addition, it is important to identify young refugees with developing or preexisting serious mental disorders and to ensure access to evidence-based psychiatric treatment.

Countering Violent Extremism : Developing an Evidence-base for Policy and Practice

This volume reports on the range of papers presented at the Annual Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Research Conference 2014 from 7-8 December 2014 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The Conference was organized and hosted by Hedayah (the International Center of Excellence for Countering Violent Extremism), Curtin University, People Against Violent Extremism (PaVE), and the Australian Government, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).