Sexual violence against boys and men in war, conflict and migration

This manual has been written for helpers who provide assistance and support to boys and men who have survived gender-based violence (GBV) and sexual trauma during disasters, wars, conflicts and during migration. We hope it will help those who work with gender-based violence in other settings as well.

Grief reactions, depression, and anxiety following job loss : patterns and correlates

Background: Research on grief, depression, and anxiety reactions following job loss is sparse. More insight in this matter could be important for the development of preventive and curative interventions targeting different manifestations of emotional distress following job loss, including grief reactions.


Objective: The aim of this study was to examine job loss-related grief reactions in relation to depression and anxiety symptoms.


To Trust is to Survive : Toward a Developmental Model of Moral Injury

Research on trauma- and stressor-related disorders has recently expanded to consider moral injury, or the harmful psychological impact of profound moral transgressions, betrayals, and acts of perpetration. Largely studied among military populations, this construct has rarely been empirically extended to children and adolescents despite its relevance in the early years, as well as youths’ potentially heightened susceptibility to moral injury due to ongoing moral development and limited social resources relative to adults.

Borrowed Words in Emergency Medicine : How ‘Moral Injury’ Makes Space for Talking

This chapter explores the concept of moral injury and its application to the experience of healthcare professionals and allied health professionals. By outlining concepts such as burnout, compassion fatigue and PTSD it orientates the reader to the field of enquiry. It reports the research the author undertook with medical students and explores the ways in which this interrelates with current thinking about moral injury in the health service in the UK.


Traumatic grief research and care in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic


A significant increase in the number of individuals suffering from prolonged grief disorder is expected in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic for two main reasons. First, the number of excess deaths has contributed to an immense number of bereaved individuals. Second, recent literature has shown that circumstances associated with COVID-19 deaths may be contributing to increased risk for the development of prolonged grief disorder.




Pain and Somatic Symptoms in Tortured Refugees : A Clinical Survey

Torture may be associated with long-lasting somatic symptoms, only partly explained by physical injuries. Physical pain as a result of torture may seriously complicate the diagnostics and treatment of posttraumatic pathology in refugees. The question whether a relation exists between the experience of torture and the extent of reported medically unexplained physical symptoms, is therefore highly relevant. We firstly hypothesized that refugees who underwent torture will report more somatic symptoms, as operationalized by experienced pain, than refugees without a history of torture.

What is good grief support? : Exploring the actors and actions in social support after traumatic grief

Social support seems to enhance wellbeing and health in many populations. Conversely, poor social support and loneliness are a social determinant of poor health outcomes and can adversely affect physical, emotional, and mental well-being. Social support is especially important in traumatic grief. However, the ways in which grieving individuals interpret and define social support is not well understood, and little is known about what specific behaviours are perceived as helpful.


Responding to the new International Classification of Diseases-11 prolonged grief disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic : a new bereavement network and three-tiered model of care

The field of bereavement research and care is at a tipping point. The introduction of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) has ignited clinical interest in this new disorder, along with debate over challenges in validating and implementing these new criteria. At

Trauma-spectrum symptoms among the Italian general population in the time of the COVID-19 outbreak

Background: Recent evidence showed adverse mental health outcomes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, including trauma-related symptoms. The Global Psychotrauma Screen (GPS) is a brief instrument designed to assess a broad range of trauma-related symptoms with no available validation in the Italian population.


Posttraumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories within the first year following emergency department admissions : pooled results from the International Consortium to predict PTSD

Background. Research exploring the longitudinal course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms has documented four modal trajectories (low, remitting, high, and delayed), with proportions varying across studies. Heterogeneity could be due to differences in trauma types and patient demographic characteristics.