Traumatic stress, depression, and nonbereavement grief following non-fatal traffic accidents : Symptom patterns and correlates

Non-fatal traffic accidents may give rise to mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depression. Clinical evidence suggests that victims may also experience grief reactions associated with the sudden changes and  losses caused by such accidents.

 

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Well-Being Across Age : A Cross-Sectional General Population Study among 1709 Dutch Speaking Adults

According to self-determination theory, individual well-being is universally dependent upon the satisfaction of three basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence and relatedness. This study set out to further elucidate the relationship between basic psychological need satisfaction (BPNS) and well-being across age by (i) more closely examining the age distribution of BPNS, and (ii) investigating whether BPNS is comparably associated with well-being across all ages, as predicted by the universality assumption, while taking into account variability in other demographic factors.

From Pathology to Intervention and Beyond : Reviewing Current Evidence for Treating Trauma-Related Disorders in Later Life

Background: An emerging body of empirical research on trauma-focused interventions for older adults experiencing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder or PTSD has yielded encouraging results. Nevertheless, up to date, the evidence remains scattered and is developed within rather specific groups, while studies have focused mostly on individual psychopathology, overlooking the relevance of resilience and recovering in one's social environment.

 

Sex-differential PTSD symptom trajectories across one year following suspected serious injury

Background: Recent years have shown an increased application of prospective trajectoryoriented approaches to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although women are generally considered at increased PTSD risk, sex and gender differences in PTSD symptom trajectories have not yet been extensively studied.

Long-term risk for mental health symptoms in Dutch ISAF veterans : the role of perceived social support

Background
Military personnel deployed to combat and peacekeeping missions are exposed to high rates of traumatic events. Accumulating evidence suggests an important association between deployment and the development of other mental health symptoms beyond post-traumatic stress disorder.

 

Acute stress reactivity and intrusive memory development : a randomized trial using an adjusted trauma film paradigm

Understanding the neurobiological and cognitive processes underlying the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its specific symptoms may facilitate preventive intervention development. Severe traumatic stress and resulting biological stress system activations can alter contextual memory processes. This may provide a neurobiological explanation for the occurrence of intrusive memories following trauma.

The course of symptoms in the first 27 months following bereavement : A latent trajectory analysis of prolonged grief, posttraumatic stress, and depression

Background

Much remains unknown about the course of grief in the early months following bereavement, including the prevalence and timing of a recovery trajectory, whether specific symptoms mark a failure to recover, and the co-occurrence of chronic prolonged grief (PG), posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depression symptoms.

Methods

The impact of neighborhood context on telomere length : A systematic review

A growing body of research demonstrates the association between neighborhood context and health. The underlying biological mechanisms of this association are not fully understood. We conducted a systematic review of studies that investigated the association between neighborhood context and telomere length (TL), a DNA-protein complex that shortens after cell division. Short TL is linked to age-related diseases and may be impacted by chronic stress. Nineteen eligible articles identified through PubMed and Scopus met inclusion criteria.

Differences in mental health problems, coping self-efficacy and social support between adults victimised before and adults victimised after the COVID-19 outbreak : population-based prospective study

Background Victims of violence, accidents and threats are at risk for mental health problems. Lower coping self-efficacy and social support levels increase this risk. Although highly relevant, it is unknown if the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic amplifies these risks.

 

Neurobiological mechanisms underlying delayed expression of posttraumatic stress disorder : A scoping review

BACKGROUND
The capacity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to occur with delayed onset has been documented in several systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Neurobiological models of PTSD may provide insight into the mechanisms underlying the progressive increase in PTSD symptoms over time as well as into occasional occurrences of long-delayed PTSD with few prodromal symptoms. 

 

AIM
To obtain an overview of key concepts explaining and types of evidence supporting neurobiological underpinnings of delayed PTSD. 

 

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