Blurring emotional memories using eye movements : individual differences and speed of eye movements

Background: In eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), patients make eye movements (EM) while recalling traumatic memories. Making EM taxes working memory (WM), which leaves less resources available for imagery of the memory. This reduces memory vividness and emotionality during future recalls. WM theory predicts that individuals with small working memory capacities (WMCs) benefit more from low levels of taxing (i.e., slow EM) whereas individuals with large WMC benefit more from high levels of taxing (i.e., fast EM).

Erasing memory traces of trauma with eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy

With its open access character, the European Journal of Psychotraumatology aims to promote evidence-based treatments around the world, while at the same time welcoming new forms of treatment without losing its critical scientific eye. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR) is by now a well-established treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

The Effects of Mindfulness‐Based Cognitive Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy added to Treatment as Usual on suicidal ideation in chronic depression : Results of a randomized-clinical trial

Suicidal ideation (SI) is common in chronic depression, but only limited evidence exists for the assumption that psychological treatments for depression are effective for reducing SI.

Self-esteem treatment in anxiety : A randomized controlled crossover trial of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) versus Competitive Memory Training (COMET) in patients with anxiety disorders

Background and purpose

Little is known about treating low self-esteem in anxiety disorders. This study evaluated two treatments targeting different mechanisms: (1) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), which aims to desensitize negative memory representations that are proposed to maintain low self-esteem; and (2) Competitive Memory Training (COMET), which aims to activate positive representations for enhancing self-esteem.


Correcting Misconceptions About the Diagnostic Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in DSM-5

This Special Communication argues for changing the definition of posttraumatic stress disorder in DSM-5. Are changes to the definition of posttraumatic stress disorder in DSM-5 a step forward?—Yes.

We take strong exception to many of the assertions, conclusions, and recommendations in the article by Hoge et al1 in this issue of JAMA Psychiatry. Although Hoge et al1 identify a number of reasons they do not support the DSM-52 workgroup’s revisions to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we believe that their basic arguments are that

The risk of PTSD and depression after an airplane crash and its potential association with physical injury: A longitudinal study

In 2009, a commercial airplane crashed near Amsterdam. This longitudinal study aims to investigate (1)
the proportion of survivors of the airplane crash showing a probable posttraumatic stress disorders
(PTSD) or depressive disorder, and (2) whether symptoms of PTSD and depression were predicted by
trauma characteristics. Identifying these trauma characteristics is crucial for early detection and
treatment. Of the 121 adult survivors, 82 participated in this study 2 months after the crash and

Animal-Assisted Intervention for trauma : a systematic literature review

Animals have a long history of inclusion in psychiatric treatment. There has been a recent growth in the empirical study of this practice, known as Animal-Assisted Intervention (AAI). We conducted a systematic review of the empirical literature on AAI for trauma, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Ten studies qualified for inclusion, including six peer-reviewed journal articles and four unpublished theses. Participants were predominantly survivors of child abuse, in addition to military veterans. The presentation of AAI was highly variable across the studies.

Trauma Dynamics : Mapping the Autonomic Nervous System

A 35 minute training excerpt describing how the body responds to threats thereby creating many of the symptoms (anxiety, depression, bi-polar patterns, addiction) for which people enter psychotherapy. This is a very useful tool for therapists and clients alike

Trauma-Focused Therapy for Refugees : Meta-Analytic Findings

High levels of trauma-related psychological distress have been documented among ethnically diverse refugees. As the number of refugees worldwide continues to grow, determining the efficacy of established methods of trauma-focused therapy for this population is crucial.

Religious and spiritual interventions in mental health care : a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials

Background. Despite the extensive literature assessing associations between religiosity/spirituality and health, few studies have investigated the clinical applicability of this evidence. The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of religious/spiritual interventions (RSI) through randomized clinical trials (RCTs).