Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for the treatment of psychosis : a systematic review

Background: Psychosis is a public health concern. There is increasing evidence suggesting trauma can play a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of psychosis. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment for trauma and could be a vital addition to the treatment of psychosis.

 

Objective: To explore the evidence for EMDR as a treatment for psychosis, focussing on the safety, effectiveness and acceptability of this intervention for this population.

 

Cannabis use disorder among veterans : Comorbidity and mental health treatment utilization

Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is the most common illicit substance use disorder in the United States and is related to a range of functional impairment. CUD is associated with comorbid mental health disorders and other substance use disorders, compounding impairment from either type of disorder alone. U.S. military veterans also experience CUD at high rates; however, less is known about comorbidity and its impact on service utilization among veterans. Better understanding of comorbidity in this group is important, given that the Veterans Health Administration is the largest U.S.

“Hidden” and Diverse Long-Term Impacts of Exposure to War and Violence

Nowadays, the PTSD diagnosis is often a prerequisite for the survivor’s access to specialized treatment services and for obtaining legal recognition or financial compensation when exposed to violence. However, some survivors do not meet all necessary criteria for the PTSD diagnosis, particularly not in the long term. Therefore, they run the risk of being misdiagnosed, inadequately helped or undertreated, and may remain legally unrecognized and unprotected.

Increases of correct memories and spontaneous false memories due to eye movements when memories are retrieved after a time delay

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder. However, literature on possible adverse memory effects of EMDR is scarce. Using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory paradigm, we examined the susceptibility to spontaneous false memories after performing eye movements, as used in EMDR. In Experiment 1, 72 undergraduates received word lists containing negative and neutral associated words and immediately after this they were given a free recall and recognition test.

Comparative efficacy of imagery rehearsal therapy and prazosin in the treatment of trauma-related nightmares in adults : A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Pharmacological treatment with prazosin and psychological treatment with imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT) are the two main treatments of posttraumatic nightmares. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force recently listed IRT as the recommended treatment for trauma-related nightmares and changed the recommendation of prazosin to ‘may be used’. This new recommendation was based on a single prazosin trial and not on a meta-analytic review of all available trials. The current meta-analysis aims to fill this gap in the literature.

Veterans’ perspectives on discussing moral injury in the context of evidence‐based psychotherapies for PTSD and other VA treatment

Objective

We examined Veterans’ perspectives on discussing moral injury in veterans affairs (VA) evidence‐based psychotherapies (EBPs) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other VA treatment.

Methods

Fourteen male warzone veterans (ages 25–74) who completed an EBP for PTSD within the past year participated in semistructured interviews related to discussing moral injury in VA treatment (e.g., EBPs for PTSD, chaplaincy). Qualitative interviews were evaluated using a thematic analysis.

Results

Increasing Family Safety and Decreasing Parental Stress and Child’s Social-Emotional Problems with Resolutions Approach : a Single-Case Experimental Design Study Protocol

The present study describes a Single-Case Experimental Design (SCED) research protocol. The outlined research is aimed at investigating the effectiveness and potential mechanisms of the Resolutions Approach (RA), a multidisciplinary intervention to stop child abuse and enhance safety in the families. Given the heterogeneity of the population and innovativeness of the topic, a SCED with a baseline period (A-phase) followed by a treatment period (B-phase) is designed.

The Current Status of EMDR Therapy Involving the Treatment of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is a diagnostic entity that will be included in the forth-coming edition of theInternational Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision (ICD-11). It denotes a severeform of PTSD, comprising not only the symptom clusters of PTSD (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ofMental Disorders,Fourth Edition [DSM-IV-TR]), but also clusters reflecting difficulties in regulating emo-tions, disturbances in relational capacities, and adversely affected belief systems about oneself, others,or the world.

 

The Status of EMDR Therapy in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 30 Years After Its Introduction

Given that 2019 marks the 30th anniversary of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)therapy, the purpose of this article is to summarize the current empirical evidence in support of EMDRtherapy as an effective treatment intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Currently, thereare more than 30 randomized controlled trials (RCT) demonstrating the effectiveness in patients withthis debilitating mental health condition, thus providing a robust evidence base for EMDR therapy as afirst-choice treatment for PTSD.

 

An intensive multimodal group programme for patients with psychotic disorders at risk of rehospitalization : a controlled intervention study

Background: On the basis of earlier experiences in Germany and England, we developed an intensive multimodal group programme (FACT Plus) for psychotic-spectrum patients. By combining it with regular Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) (care as usual), we intended to reduce psychiatric rehospitalizations and mental healthcare costs.

 

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